By Nigel Theobald, Belinda Winder
Packaging closures have passed through a lot evolution and improvement lately, and their capabilities have grown past easily permitting quick access and reclosing, This quantity examines the applied sciences proper to packaging closures and sealing structures and contours chapters contributed through best pros within the packaging undefined. so far, this is often the single e-book devoted to this crucial region. it's equipped based on some of the sorts of packaging--metal, glass, plastics, versatile, and composite containers--and incorporates a bankruptcy that explores baby resistance, tamper facts, and openability and one other that examines caliber evaluate.
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Extra resources for Packaging Closures and Sealing Systems (Sheffield Packaging Technology)
Robotics are commonly used to remove mouldings from machines and apply ﬁnishing operations (such as closing caps or adding wads) prior to the parts being packed. Other robotics will be used to transport the ﬁnished products to store and advise the location for future retrieval. 2 Closure handling Many closures require a further operation prior to being used on a packing line. These operations may be the addition of a liner, closure of a cap or the assembly of other components such as the complex aerosol valve.
Is it light sensitive? Does the pack need support in transit or use? Is the closure system in need of protection in transit or use? Is tamper evidence needed? Is child resistance needed? Is openability for less able-bodied consumers required? All of these questions, and more, would need to be answered before a pack recommendation could be made. Moreover, this process would need to be followed for each of the markets where the product is to be sold; speciﬁc packaging requirements for the individual markets would consequently also need to be assessed; ﬁnally, the individual country (or state) legislation for the product and its pack would also need to be considered.
1 Functions of packaging The range of functions that packaging needs to fulﬁl has been identiﬁed as openability; usability; protection for transportation; containment of product and multiple products; prevention of the contamination of goods by their surroundings, or vice versa; identiﬁcation of manufacturer and origin; safety and tamper evident features; labelling information (including nutritional and legal information, instructions for opening the packaging and storing/cooking/serving the products, recycling information); storage and preservation for long-life products; facilitation of transportation (whether by consumers, or earlier in the supply chain); marketing and brand advertising.
Packaging Closures and Sealing Systems (Sheffield Packaging Technology) by Nigel Theobald, Belinda Winder