By Bruce S. Eastwood
In accordance with ratings of medieval manuscript texts and diagrams, the e-book indicates how Roman assets have been utilized in the age of Charlemagne to reintroduce and extend a qualitative photo of articulated geometrical order within the heavens.
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Extra resources for Ordering the Heavens: Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance (History of Science and Medicine Library)
4. For the Leiden Aratea see Bischoff, Aratea Kommentar, which shows that the production of the manuscript was much more an exercise in classical mythology and art than in science. On various Aratea see also McGurk, “Carolingian Astrological Manuscripts,” in Charles the Bald, pp. 317–32. 29 Obrist, Cosmologie médiévale, vol. 1, pp. 218–26. 14 chapter one Carolingians by the 840s as well, but his text apparently posed certain difÀculties for full comprehension so that it was appropriated into the astronomical curriculum slowly and at a limited number of centers before the eleventh century.
1535, Paris 8670, Paris 13955 (Bk VIII only), Leiden BPL 88, Besançon 594, and Paris 8669; they are described in Leonardi, “I Codici,” nrs. 89, 208, 161, 171, 84, 20, 160. 51 In Leonardi’s catalogue these are nrs. 8 (Bamberg Class. 39), 73 (Karlsruhe Aug. LXXIII), 144 (Oxford Laud 118), and 210 (Vat. Regin. 1987). 53 The Valenciennes copy was rather surely made at Reims in the late ninth century, and it was taken by Hucbald of Saint Amand (d. 55 As the chapters below on Martianus Capella and Calcidius show, there were many Carolingian references to astronomical doctrines of Plato (or Platonists).
No Greek commentaries on Plato came to the West; the only Platonic commentary was the Latin commentary with translation of Plato’s Timaeus by Calcidius. While we know of a partial translation, named Praeceptum Canonis Ptolemei, of Theon’s commentary on the Ptolemaic Handy Tables, the earliest manuscrit comes from ca. 22 Astronomy, aside from computus, as it was known in the Carolingian world was Roman astronomy, which included Latin translations and commentaries of a very few Greek works, such as Aratus’s Phaenomena and Plato’s Timaeus.
Ordering the Heavens: Roman Astronomy and Cosmology in the Carolingian Renaissance (History of Science and Medicine Library) by Bruce S. Eastwood