By Ambroise Pare, Janis L. Pallister
Ambroise Paré, born in France round 1510, used to be leader medical professional to either Charles IX and Henri III. in a single of the 1st makes an attempt to give an explanation for delivery defects, Paré produced On Monsters and Marvels, an illustrated encyclopedia of curiosities, of substantial human and animal births, weird and wonderful beasts, and usual phenomena. Janice Pallister's acclaimed English translation deals a glimpse of the flora and fauna as obvious by means of a unprecedented Renaissance average thinker.
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Additional info for On Monsters and Marvels
20] On the day that the Venetians and Genevans were reconciled there was born in Italy (as Boistuau recounts) a monster which had four arms and four legs; and it had only one head, with the [ correct] proportion conserved in all the rest of the body, and it was baptized and lived for some time afterward. ] 30 [ CHAPTER SEVEN Jacques Rueff, a surgeon of Zurich, writes that he had seen a similar one, which had two female natures, as you can see by this picture. 35 7 MEMORABLE STORIES ABOUT WOMEN WHO HAVE DEGENERATED INTO MEN matus Lusitanus tells that there was, in a burg 36 named Esgueira, a girl called Marie Pacheca, who, arriving at the time oflife when girls begin their monthlies, instead of the above-mentioned monthlies, a male member came out of her, which was formerly hidden within, and hence she changed from female to male; for which reason she was clothed in men's clothes and her name was changed from Marie to Manuel.
Hence, on the same page or within a few pages we find him using, almost indifferently, the words pisser and uriner, or fleurs and mois juxtaposed to menstrues. In referring to the penis he shows equal vacillation, preferring the word verge, which has here been translated as rod, despite the more favored Renaissance English translation, yard. Such vacillation between the vulgar and the technical terminology is not so surprising, however, if we remember that Pare was not a thoroughly educated man and, more importantly, that he was writing for even less XXIX 26 INTRODUCTION 27 28 29 educated barbers and surgeons.
21 15. Figure of a man having a head in the middle of his belly On the last day of February, 1572, in the parish of Viabon, on the road from Paris to Chartres, at the place of the Petites Bordes, a woman named Cypriane Girande, the wife of Jacques Marchant, a tiller, deliveted this monster, who lived until the following Sunday. [Fig. 16] ] 21 [ 22 CHAPTER FOUR 16. Figure of two 'Very monstrous infants, in whom only one set of female sexual organs is manifested 17. Figure of a monstrous pig, born in Metz in Lorraine In the year 1572, the day after Easter, in Metz, in Lorraine, in the inn of the Holy Spirit, a sow farrowed a pig having eight legs, four ears, the head of a real dog, the hind quarters of the bodies separated up to the stomach and from there on joined into one, ] 22 [ CHAPTER FIVE having two tongues located on the wrong side of the snout; and it had four large teeth, to wit above as well as below, on either side.
On Monsters and Marvels by Ambroise Pare, Janis L. Pallister