By H. Ebrahimnejad
This booklet strains how medication in glossy Iran used to be either theoretically and institutionally remodeled within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It explores the method during which neighborhood physicians, in a non-colonial context, assimilated the rising "modern drugs" and the institutional units that accommodated this transition.
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Additional info for Medicine in Iran: Profession, Practice and Politics, 1800–1925
Sometimes they erupt suddenly and disappear fast. Ulcers and aphtha are formed in the mouth. The pulse becomes more frequent, small, and fever intensifies at night. Tendency to hydropisy as well as flux of bile or other matters in the belly appear. Stools are soft, fetid, and sometimes black and often foamy; they are formed by the liquefaction of certain parts of the body. The urine is aqueous, yellow or black. There is black but quite often yellow vomiting. Sweating is fetid. This fever starts with these symptoms and when it is severe it leads to syncope and to the cooling of the extremities, lethargy and spasms and convulsions.
This similarity of treatment in Iran and the West could reflect similar clinical experience by traditional physicians in Iran and their anatomo-pathologist counterparts in the West. The treatment that traditional 34 ● Medicine in Iran physicians proposed corroborated the way they described the occurrence of disease. Thus, what informed diagnosis and treatment was not only humoral theory, but also clinical observation. Today, modern treatment for cholera prescribes water in order to fight dehydration.
114 Nevertheless, even for Polak, different fevers represented different degrees of the same disease. He identified typhus, which corresponded to the description of hasbeh by the indigenous doctors in Iran,115 with both mothbeqa and mohreqa. 118 Likewise, for T. E. Aubert, typhoid fever was a reaction to the morbid and lethal typhus. 119 In other words, the transformation of typhus to typhoid signaled that the patient survived the lethal typhus. Polak, on the other hand, maintained that mohreqa and mothbeqa were one and the same contagious disease that, like smallpox, occurred only once in the life of an individual.
Medicine in Iran: Profession, Practice and Politics, 1800–1925 by H. Ebrahimnejad