By J. W. Minarick, C. A. Kukielka (auth.), Ray A. Waller, Vincent T. Covello (eds.)
In fresh years public realization has curious about an array of low-probability/high-consequence (LC/HC) occasions that pose a signif icant danger to human healthiness, protection, and the surroundings. while, private and non-private region tasks for the evaluation and administration of such occasions have grown as a result of a perceived have to count on, hinder, or lessen the dangers. In trying to meet those duties, legislative, judicial, regulatory, and personal quarter associations have needed to take care of the terribly complicated challenge of assessing and balancing LP/ HC hazards opposed to the prices and ben if its of probability aid. the necessity to support society deal with LP/HC occasions comparable to nuclear strength plant injuries, poisonous spills, chemical plant explosions, and transportation injuries has given upward thrust to the advance of a brand new highbrow exercise: LP/HC probability research. The scope and complexity of those analyses require a excessive measure of cooperative attempt at the a part of experts from many f~elds. studying technical, social, and cost concerns calls for the efforts of physicists, biologists, geneticists, statisticians, chemists, engineers, political scientists, sociologists, choice analysts, administration scientists, economists, psychologists, ethicists, legal professionals, and coverage analysts. incorporated during this quantity are papers by way of authors in each one of those disciplines. The papers percentage in universal a spotlight on a number of of the subsequent questions which are widespread to the research of LP/HC risks.
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Additional info for Low-Probability High-Consequence Risk Analysis: Issues, Methods, and Case Studies
Because older plants have smaller power ratings, it has been previously suggested that the decrease in the number of observed events in older plants is influenced more by power level differences than by plant age. This influence is considered small, however, because total time on test plots* for significant precursors from plants of different power ratings show similar failure rate trends (Fig. 4). Because of the apparent lack of influence based on power level, observed differences in the number of events as plant age increased was assumed to be age related.
APOSTOLAKIS Auxiliary Building Fires Auxiliary buildings have experienced more fires than any other area in a nuclear power plant. We have found 22 such fires that occurred after commercial operation began (Table 4). Some of the reported fires had occurred during cold shutdown. We have included some of them in these 22 reported fires because they could occur during power generation. There were two cases of auxiliary building fires where the event repeated itself in a short period of time. The first one is the well-known San Onofre 1 cable vault fire which occurred twice, once in February and once in March of 1968.
Hockenbury, M. L. Yeater, and W. E. Vesely, in: "Nuclear Plant Fire Incident Data," Nuclear Safety, Vol. 3, pp. 308-317 (1979). "Nuclear Power Experience," Division of Petroleum Information Corporation, Denver, Colorado, December 1981. S. Kaplan, "On a 'Two-Stage' Bayesian Procedure for Determining Failure Rates from Experimental Data," IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Special Review Group, "Recommendations Related to Browns Ferry Fire," NUREG-0050 (1976).
Low-Probability High-Consequence Risk Analysis: Issues, Methods, and Case Studies by J. W. Minarick, C. A. Kukielka (auth.), Ray A. Waller, Vincent T. Covello (eds.)