By Graciliano Ramos
About the author:
Graciliano Ramos used to be generally one among crucial Brazilian authors of the 20 th century. He used to be a seminal voice within the literary "regionalism" movement.
As a baby Ramos lived in lots of towns of Northeastern Brazil, suffering from poverty and serious climatic conditions (droughts). After high-school, Graciliano went to Rio de Janeiro the place he labored as a journalist. In 1915 he traveled to Palmeira dos Indios, kingdom of Alagoas, to reside together with his father and in 1927 he used to be elected mayor.
In 1933 he released his first e-book, Caetés. many years later he was once jailed through the Getúlio Vargas executive, on a cost that used to be by no means made transparent. His stories in penal complex may turn into a different own deposition, Memórias do Cárcere.
Graciliano died in 1953, on the age of 60. His "dry" variety of writing and the clash among the identity and the realm are the numerous marks of his works.
About the booklet (in Portuguese):
Infância foi publicado em 1945. O livro percorre um período que vai dos dois anos do narrador até a puberdade. Sua construção acompanha os passos do autor, redescobridor de seu mundo de menino nordestino, repleto de lembranças dolorosas.
Num misto de imaginação e memória, o retrato de sua meninice revela o desprezo pela criança como sujeito social, na passagem do século XIX para o XX, onde o autor deixa perceber claramente a severidade como instrumento mais eficaz para o modelo de educação aí vigente.
Graciliano esboça um quadro de nossa história dos costumes, em que uma ética pedagógica grosseira surge identificada com práticas punitivas contra crianças.
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Additional resources for Infância
An unprecedented concentration of domestic and international merchants and capital in Bruges in the fifteenth century explains in the same way the density in that place of internationally acclaimed artists. Their economic prosperity was the foremost trump card for the culture of the Low Countries. The second trump card was their accessibility as a result of their location on the Romance-Germanic language boundary with respect to several external cultures such as the French, German and English as well as that of Italy.
Derville, 'L'alphabetisation du peuple a la fin du moyen age', Revue du Nord 66 (1984), 762-3. A. M. Koldeweij, Der gude Sente Servas (Assen and Maastricht: Van Gorcum, 1985), pp. 28-9 (c. n 70 for the first part, 1174-83 for the second); on the Middle Dutch version of Sente Brandane, see W. P. Gerritsen, Doris Edel and Mieke de Kreek, De wereld van Sint Brandaan (Utrecht: HES, 1986), pp. 51-3; on the twelfth-century Dutch literature see J. D. Janssens, 'De Renaissance van de i2de eeuw en de literatuur in de volkstaal in Brabant', in R.
The earliest are Heinric van Veldeke's Sint Servaes (c. 1170), and The Voyage of Saint Brandane at the end of the twelfth century, while documents from the rest of the Low Countries followed only in the second half of the thirteenth century. 23 The latter remark is a deceptive falsification of perspective, however. The oldest manuscript tradition of the Reinaert goes back to 1260-80,24 but on the evidence of some archaic spellings it can be said that these fragments must have been edited around 1237, and on that of the content and the allusions that they may go back to the beginning of the thirteenth century.
Infância by Graciliano Ramos