By John R. Lampe, Mark Mazower
Twentieth-century Southeastern Europe persevered 3, separate a long time of foreign and civil conflict, and was once marred in pressured migration and wrenching systematic alterations. A cohort of younger students with backgrounds in heritage, anthropology, political technology, and comparative literature have been introduced jointly to envision and reappraise this tumultuous century. Guided by way of popular editors, they drew on transnational methods that prolonged past their very own country's histories. The reports invite awareness to fascism, socialism, and liberalism in addition to nationalism and Communism, and concentrate on the remembrance of such conflicts in shaping modern day ideology and nationwide identification.
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Additional info for Ideologies and National Identities: The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe
Proper Legionary conduct was to lead to salvation by spiritual rebirth from within—through creation of the new man— and through sacrifice. In Codreanu’s view, “the new man, or the renewed nation, presupposes a great rebirth of the soul, a great spiritual revolution of the whole people, in other words a fight against the spiritual direction of today” (Point 69). Through a significant mutation, spiritual rebirth and messianic salvation became the nation itself: “All the virtues of the Romanian soul should rejuvenate the new man.
Although a mediocre speaker, lacking Hitler’s mobilizing oratorical abilities, he was an “action hero,” distinguished by his nonconformist and Charisma, Religion, and Ideology 31 counter-normative behavior. 37 During his student years, Codreanu was the source of continuous trouble, being expelled by the university senate and readmitted to classes only at the insistence of his godfather, the influential anti-Semitic professor and politician A. C. Cuza. Moreover, although he never held an official position in the state apparatus, Codreanu succeeded in building a voluntary nucleus of faithful followers, becoming the object of a fanatic cult of personality.
In this fight I used the pen as well. As such, mostly at random, for the needs of the battle, and not at all for giving Romanian writing unforgettable charm. It is only for the benefit of the fighters that I include here some of the articles from these years of youthful struggle from 1922 until today… Not even a clean Romanian language should be sought for here.
Ideologies and National Identities: The Case of Twentieth-Century Southeastern Europe by John R. Lampe, Mark Mazower