By World Health Organization
This can be the eighth WHO annual document on worldwide tuberculosis regulate. It comprises information on case notifications and therapy results from the 201 nationwide TB keep an eye on programmes (NTPs) that suggested to WHO for 2002, including an research of plans, budgets, expenses, and constraints on DOTS growth for 22 high-burden international locations (HBCs). 9 consecutive years of knowledge are used to evaluate development in the direction of the 2005 worldwide objectives for case detection (70%) and therapy good fortune (85%).
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Extra resources for Global Tuberculosis Control: Surveillance, Planning, Financing (Who Report 2007)
The Stop TB Strategy recommends the use of drugs in fi xed-dose combinations (FDCs) in the treatment of TB. During 2006, only 44 countries were using four-drug FDCs in the initial phase and two-drug FDCs in the continuation phase of treatment. The South-East Asia Region had the highest proportion of countries (5/11) using FDCs (Annex 1). Nine HBCs (41%) were using patient kits for drugs, including seven with FDCs: Afghanistan, Brazil, Indonesia, Kenya, Nigeria, the Philippines and Viet Nam. A total of 17 HBCs had in place mechanisms for the quality control of anti-TB drugs.
The countries that did not report included 10 Caribbean islands, Equatorial Guinea, Monaco and San Marino. 4 million (47%) were new smear-positive cases (Table 8; Figure 1). 3 million new smear-positive cases. 0 million new smear-positive cases, were notified by DOTS programmes between 1995 and 2005. 9 million (60 per 100 000) new smear-positive cases (Table 9; Figures 2, 3). Comparing different parts of the world, the African Region (23%), South-East Asia Region (35%) and Western Pacific Region (25%) together accounted for 83% of all notified new and relapse cases and similar proportions of new smear-positive cases in 2005.
Annual changes (%) in estimated HIV prevalence rate (15–49 years old, green line) and the TB case notification rate (black line, see figure 7) for sub-region Africa high-HIV. Changes are to the year marked from the preceding year, 1990–1 et seq. Estimates of HIV prevalence are from UNAIDS (personal communication). African countries show the expected lag between peak HIV prevalence and peak TB incidence rate. In Zimbabwe, for example, estimated HIV prevalence reached a maximum in 1997, while the TB case notification rate was highest in 2002.
Global Tuberculosis Control: Surveillance, Planning, Financing (Who Report 2007) by World Health Organization