By Marina Haldna, Anu Milius, Reet Laugaste, Külli Kangur (auth.), Tiina Nõges, Reiner Eckmann, Külli Kangur, Peeter Nõges, Anu Reinart, Gulnara Roll, Heikki Simola, Markku Viljanen (eds.)
Large lakes are vital as a result of their measurement and ecological strong point in addition to their fiscal and cultural worth. optimum administration of them calls for a formal realizing of anthropogenic affects either at the lake ecosystems as such and at the prone they supply for society. the explicit structural and sensible houses of enormous lakes, e.g. morphology, hydrography, biogeochemical cycles and food-web constitution, are all at once relating to their dimension. even though huge lakes are one of the best-studied ecosystems on the earth, the appliance to them of environmental rules akin to the eu Water Framework Directive is a not easy job and calls for that numerous typical and administration points particular to those water our bodies are effectively thought of. those susceptible ecosystems frequently be afflicted by speeded up eutrophication, over-fishing, poisonous infection and invasive species. huge lakes supply socio-economic merits and will be utilized in some ways, and are usually parts within which financial, cultural and political pursuits overlap. during this e-book the issues in regards to the current prestige of ecu huge lakes and the instructions of swap are mentioned. Threats brought on by direct human effect and by means of weather switch, safety wishes and recovery measures are considered.
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Additional info for European Large Lakes Ecosystem changes and their ecological and socioeconomic impacts
References Battarbee, R. , N. J. Anderson, E. Jeppesen & P. R. Leavitt, 2005. Combining palaeolimnological and limnological approaches in assessing lake ecosystem response to nutrient reduction. Freshwater Biology 50: 1772–1780. Carpenter, S. , 2003. Regime shifts in lake ecosystems: pattern and variation. Vol. 15, Excellence in Ecology Series, Ecology Institute, Oldendorf/Luhe, Germany. Carpenter, S. , 2005. Eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems: bistability and soil phosphorus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102: 10002–10005.
Roll, H. Simola & M. Viljanen European Large Lakes—Ecosystem changes and their ecological and socioeconomic impacts K. Kangur (&) Á T. ee is quite resistant to year-to-year changes in N load, and the in-lake N concentrations are quite stable on a long-term scale. In contrast, the increasing difference in P concentrations between the northern and southern parts of the lake clearly shows that the input of P from the south is increasing. Our results conﬁrm that the anthropogenic input of P is the main reason for the deterioration of the Lake Peipsi ecosystem.
Laugaste, 2003. Water level as the mediator between climate change and phytoplankton composition in a large shallow temperate lake. Hydrobiologia 506–509: 257–263. , L. Tuvikene, T. Noges & A. Kisand, 1999. Primary production, sedimentation and resuspension in large shallow Lake Vortsjarv. Aquatic Sciences 61: 168–182. 123 30 Pork, M. & V. Kovask, 1973. Vetikad. In Timm, T. ), Vortsjarv. Valgus, Tallinn: 95–99 (In Estonian with English summary). Rose, N. , 1990. A method for the selective removal of inorganic ash particles from lake sediments.
European Large Lakes Ecosystem changes and their ecological and socioeconomic impacts by Marina Haldna, Anu Milius, Reet Laugaste, Külli Kangur (auth.), Tiina Nõges, Reiner Eckmann, Külli Kangur, Peeter Nõges, Anu Reinart, Gulnara Roll, Heikki Simola, Markku Viljanen (eds.)