Encyclopedia of Energy Volume I (Encyclopedia of Energy by Robert U Ayres, Robert Costanza, Jose Goldemberg, Marija D PDF

By Robert U Ayres, Robert Costanza, Jose Goldemberg, Marija D Ilic, Eberhard Jochem, Robert Kaufmann, Amory B Lovins, Mohan Munasinghe, R K Pachauri, Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo, Per Peterson, Lee Schipper, Margaret Slade, Vaclav Smil, Ernst Worrell, Cutler J. C

ISBN-10: 012176480X

ISBN-13: 9780121764807

In recent times our utilization and realizing of alternative forms of power has grown at a big price. The editor-in-chief, Cutler Cleveland, and his overseas staff of affiliate editors have introduced jointly nearly four hundred authors to supply the Encyclopedia of strength. This hugely topical reference attracts jointly all points of strength, masking a wealth of parts through the normal, social and engineering sciences.

The Encyclopedia will offer simply available information regarding all points of power, written via best foreign experts. it's going to not just be indispensible for lecturers, researchers, pros and scholars, but in addition for coverage makers, power and environmental specialists, and all these operating in enterprise organisations and non-governmental agencies whose actions relate to power and the surroundings.

Also to be had on-line through ScienceDirect - that includes vast shopping, looking out, and inner cross-referencing among articles within the paintings, plus dynamic linking to magazine articles and summary databases, making navigation versatile and straightforward. for additional info, pricing techniques and availability stopover at www.info.sciencedirect.com.

An beneficial source for all teachers, researchers, pros and scholars both operating in or engaging in learn in strength and comparable environmental fields
An A-Z of power, overlaying environmental and renewable strength via to fossil fuels and nuclear strength

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Large commercial and regional aircraft. Load factor gains have been attributed to deregulation in the United States and global air travel liberalization, both of which contributed to the advent of hub-and-spoke systems. 1 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 Stage length (km) FIGURE 3 Variation of EU with stage length. ASK, Available seat-kilometers. S. large commercial and regional fleets. 4%/year), most of which occurred prior to 1980. 7. TECHNOLOGICAL AND OPERATIONAL OUTLOOK FOR REDUCED ENERGY USE IN LARGE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT The outlook for future reductions in energy use is necessarily based on the potential for increased technological and operational efficiencies.

2000). ’’ 4th ed. McGrawHill, Boston. , Lukachko, S. , and Waitz, I. A. (2002). Historical fuel efficiency characteristics of regional aircraft from technological, operational, and cost perspectives. J. Air Transport Manage. 8(6), 389–400. , and Smith, A. (1992). ICAO analyses trends in fuel consumption by world’s airlines. ICAO J. August, 18–21. Greene, D. L. (1992). Energy-efficiency improvement potential of commercial aircraft. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 17, 537–573. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

2001). Historical and future trends in aircraft performance, cost and emissions. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 26, 167–200. National Research Council, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. (1992). C. Penner, J. , Lister, D. , Griggs, D. , Dokken, D. , and McFarland, M. ). (1999). ’’ Cambridge Univ. K. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (RCEP). (2002). ‘‘Special Report. ’’ RCEP, London. , and Victor, D. (2000). The future mobility of the world population. Transp. Res. A 34(3), 171–205.

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Encyclopedia of Energy Volume I (Encyclopedia of Energy Series) by Robert U Ayres, Robert Costanza, Jose Goldemberg, Marija D Ilic, Eberhard Jochem, Robert Kaufmann, Amory B Lovins, Mohan Munasinghe, R K Pachauri, Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo, Per Peterson, Lee Schipper, Margaret Slade, Vaclav Smil, Ernst Worrell, Cutler J. C


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