Without birth control, a fit, sexually lively lady will provide beginning to approximately 15 kids and over her existence span, spend such a lot of her reproductive years both pregnant or nursing a baby little one. So controlling fertility has preoccupied women—and frequently their husbands—since a minimum of one thousand B.C.
In this entire reference, readers can discover the background of contraception from a number of views: anthropological, organic, fiscal, feminist, scientific, political, and mental. From rainy nurses to chastity belts, from animal-dung contraceptives to the Dalkon protect, readers will find out how ladies have tried contraception, birth control, and abortion all through background and through the global. Readers also will notice why competition to contraception used to be so fierce early within the twentieth century that many American men and women have been jailed for disseminating info on keeping off being pregnant, and why family members making plans is still hotly arguable virtually a century later.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Birth Control
He also continued to list abortifacient drugs, many of them the classical herbs such as artemisia, calamint, juniper, squirting cucumber, and others familiar to the classical and medieval world. Increasingly physicians began to write about obstetrical subjects. Eucharius Rosslin (c. 1500–1526), who started as a pharmacist before becoming a physician, wrote a book in German that would translate into English as The Pregnant Woman’s and Midwife’s Rose Garden. He also dealt openly with abortion, arguing that if a woman’s life was in peril, even if she just thought it was, such a belief would justify medical intervention to bring about an abortion.
Ergot is a toxin derived from a fungus that grows on many plants including rye. Its growth is heavily influenced by climatic factors such as cold winters, and there are references in cuneiform texts of predictions of miscarriages based on climatic factors and predictions with a different set of weather conditions that women would carry their fetuses to full term. E. These law codes give credence to John Riddle, a historian of contraception who argued that there is little indication that the people of either Egypt or the Tigris-Euphrates valley regarded the fetus as a human persona.
Thompson, R. Campbell. A Dictionary of Assyrian Botany. London: British Academy, 1949, p. 315. ” Several factors have been suggested to explain this shortage of females, including widespread female infanticide, abandonment, and simply underreporting or lack of reporting of females. Although all of these factors might have been at work for much of the Middle Ages, and probably for other periods as well, much of the discrepancy was a result of female anemia. This resulted in a high female mortality, and this in itself worked to cut down family size.
Encyclopedia of Birth Control