New PDF release: Economic Origins of Roman Christianity

By Robert B. Ekelund Jr., Robert D. Tollison

ISBN-10: 0226200027

ISBN-13: 9780226200026

In the worldwide market of rules, few geographical regions spark as a lot clash as faith. For hundreds of thousands of individuals, it really is an essential component of lifestyle, mirrored by way of a largely divergent provide of practices and philosophical views. but, traditionally, has no longer consistently been aggressive. whereas the early universal period observed pageant among Christianity, Judaism, and the various pagan cults, Roman Christianity got here finally to dominate Western Europe. Using simple techniques of monetary conception, Robert B. Ekelund Jr. and Robert D. Tollison clarify the foundation and next unfold of Roman Christianity, exhibiting first how the traditional strategies of chance, fee, and gain can account for the call for for faith. Then, drawing at the economics of networking, entrepreneurship, and business association, the publication explains Christianity's speedy ascent. Like a company, the church constructed sound company concepts that elevated its industry percentage to a close to monopoly within the medieval period. This ebook deals a desirable examine the dynamics of Christianity’s upward push, in addition to how features the church’s structure—developed over the 1st millennium—illuminate a few severe difficulties confronted by means of the church today.

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Studies of the economics of religion have grown steadily over the past quarter century. The present chapter briefly analyzes how economists have approached the study of religion and, chiefly, expresses our view of the nature of the product “religion” and the source of quantities of this product or service that consumers want to purchase or the “demand” for it. 1 Clearly, the economics of religion uses a variety of economic tools to analyze many aspects of religious behavior, historically, descriptively and as prediction.

These contemporary studies, rooted in microeconomics, have taken a number of directions. ” In particular, behaviorists posit alternative sources of behavior with respect to the more standard rational approach to religion. In the present section we consider these approaches. Empirical Studies The early modern studies (Azzi and Ehrenberg 1975) originated in empirical studies that analyzed which variables determined religious par- 24 chapter TWO ticipation behavior, on the one hand, and how religious participation in turn affected economic variables such as crime or regional growth, on the other hand.

The church’s application and promulgation of forward vertical integration is at the center of our discussion in both chapters 6 and 7. Vertical integration is the combination in one fi rm of two or more stages of production operated by separate fi rms. The upstream and downstream activities of the religious or other fi rm may be combined into one fi rm or separated in ownership and operation. Events of the fourth century—Constantine’s legitimization of Christianity and Theodosius’s elevation of it as the official state religion—was only the beginning of the hegemony ultimately acquired by the Roman (Latin) Church as a dominant force in the upstream church and as a vertically integrated fi rm.

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Economic Origins of Roman Christianity by Robert B. Ekelund Jr., Robert D. Tollison

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