Read e-book online Desistance Transitions and the Impact of Probation PDF

By Sam King

ISBN-10: 0415642280

ISBN-13: 9780415642286

Moving clear of legal behaviour might be fraught with problems. usually it could actually contain abandoning outdated behavior, customs, or even associates, whereas even as adopting a brand new lifestyle. How do contributors pass approximately you make a decision to renounce crime? How do they plan to maintain this selection? And in what methods does probation aid? This booklet explores those questions.

Based on in-depth interviews with a bunch of guys less than probation supervision, Sam King investigates the standards linked to you make a decision to desist from crime. The ebook examines recommendations for desistance, and explores the criteria that folks reflect on once they are pondering how they are going to desist. In doing so, the ebook sheds new mild on latest understandings of desistance from crime and is helping to increase our understandings of the function that people play in developing their very own desistance trips. This e-book additionally highlights the position of probation during this procedure, delivering a well timed and important overview of the character of probation less than the recent Labour executive within the united kingdom among 1997-2010.

The findings point out that we should always let Probation officials higher autonomy and restraint inside of their roles, and that we must always loose them from the forms of probability review and objectives. additionally, the publication warns opposed to the aptitude fragmentation of group supervision. As such, the booklet might be of curiosity to criminology scholars, researchers, lecturers, policymakers and practitioners, really those that paintings with ex-offenders within the community.

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Sample text

Indeed, community sentences were given in 196,424 cases in 2007, an increase of 56,434 since 1997. 1 per cent since 1997. 7 per cent of all sentences in 2007, a slight increase since 1997, although the proportion of sentences resulting in custody has remained broadly consistent over this time period. 9 per cent in 2007) was in the use of suspended sentences, largely as a result of the introduction of the Suspended Sentence Order (SSO) in the Criminal Justice Act 2003. The SSO was introduced for offences committed after April 2005 and replaced the Fully Suspended Sentence (FSS) (Ministry of Justice, 2009a: 16).

However, they also found six groups of LCP offenders, as opposed to the one group identified by Moffitt (1993), although Moffitt (2003; Moffitt and Walsh, 2003) later acknowledged the possibility of other offending typologies. Other studies have found some support for Moffitt’s typology, but have questioned the extent of the distinction between AL and LCP offenders. For example, Nagin et al. (1995) found that while LCP offenders were responsible for a significant amount of overall crime, there was evidence that AL offenders continued to participate in offending and offending-related behaviour well into adulthood.

20 Reoffending and the probation response The Probation Service offered strong opposition to the introduction of contestability, and a number of authors highlighted the potential consequences of pursuing this objective (see for example: Nellis, 2006). Similar questions have been raised in regard to the government’s introduction of a purchaser-provider split within the Probation Service (Bhui, 2004: 99; Lewis, 2008: 74), particularly in relation to the supervision of individual offenders and the potentially deleterious effects upon the officer-offender relationship (see Robinson and Dignan, 2004).

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Desistance Transitions and the Impact of Probation by Sam King

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