G. R. Beardsmore's Crustal Heat Flow: A Guide to Measurement and Modelling PDF

By G. R. Beardsmore

ISBN-10: 0521792894

ISBN-13: 9780521792899

Crustal warmth move: A advisor to size and Modelling is a instruction manual for geologists and geophysicists who manage thermal facts, really for petroleum exploration. In concept and with sensible examples, the ebook discusses the resources of warmth in the crust, describes tips to maximize the accuracy of temperature facts, covers the size of the thermal houses of rocks, and explains a few adulthood signs. the second one half covers more than a few thermodynamic types of the lithosphere and indicates how those can be utilized to reconstruct the thermal historical past of person sedimentary basins.

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Additional resources for Crustal Heat Flow: A Guide to Measurement and Modelling

Example text

Precision and accuracy are equivalent to wire-line tools. A third type of temperature logging tool is based on the Raman effect of temperature-sensitive backscattering of laser light in an optic fibre. It is referred to as a 'Distributed optical fibre Temperature Sensing system' (DTS), and has major advantages over other types of logging. To operate the system, one end of an optic fibre is kept at the surface while the other end is lowered into a borehole and secured into place. The DTS system is then able to produce an instantaneous temperature log along the full length of the fibre without disturbing the surrounding bore fluid.

The temperature profile is shown as a range as it remains poorly constrained in deeper sections. Data from Dziewonski and Anderson (1981), Montagner and Anderson (1989), Brown and Mussett (1993). The generation of heat throughout the crust is also not uniform. Radioactive elements are more concentrated in granitic, compared with basaltic, rocks. Frictional heating is most likely to be significant along plate boundaries and major faults. Metamorphism and diagenesis take place under specific geological conditions.

1970b). Specific measurements of thermal conductivity for individual regions or rock formations are sometimes published in journals, but often such measurements are recorded only in confidential reports to companies, or uncirculated open-file reports to geological survey organisations. These may be difficult to trace, and access may be restricted. Note: When searching for existing geothermal data for an area, an exhaustive search of sources may still turn up no data. Many parts of the Earth have not been the subject of any geothermal study.

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Crustal Heat Flow: A Guide to Measurement and Modelling by G. R. Beardsmore

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