By Chris Grover
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Extra resources for Crime and Inequality
It takes little account of cultural position but, as we shall see, cultural processes are often experienced as exclusionary (O’Brien and Penna 2007). Outline of the book There are eight further chapters in this book. Chapter 2 explores theoretical approaches that explain connections between crime and inequality and the evidence that suggests a link between the two. This chapter sets the context for the rest of the book by concluding that while it may be difficult to know exactly what the relationship is between crime and inequality, the former cannot be addressed without focusing on the latter.
What this means is that inequality was increasing not only between benefit recipients and workers, but also between benefit recipients; single and childless unemployed people in particular were becoming poorer compared to those in work and other benefit recipients. While these distinctions have a moral history in the relief of poverty, New Labour’s justification for focusing efforts on child poverty relates to its concern, outlined above, with equality of opportunity. In this line of thinking, children from poorer households can only hope to enjoy the life chances of children from more affluent households if their formative years are not adversely affected by poverty (HM Treasury and Department for Education and Skills 2005).
The social integrationist discourse (SID) is perhaps the most narrowly focused discourse, for its concern is with unemployment and economic inactivity. Social cohesion can be achieved through the inclusion of workless people in paid employment. New Labour’s social and criminal justice policies reflect a combination of the elements of some or all three discourses. : 28), for instance, argues that New Labour has moved ‘significantly away from RED towards an inconsistent combination of SID and MUD’, while R.
Crime and Inequality by Chris Grover