By Patricia Van Voorhis, Michael C. Braswell, David Lester
This article provides foundations of correctional intervention, together with overviews of the most important platforms of healing intervention, prognosis of psychological sickness, and correctional review and class. Its precise descriptions and cross-approach comparisons will help pros higher make certain which of numerous recommendations could be particularly precious of their specific setting.Includes key ideas and phrases in addition to dialogue questions.
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Additional info for Correctional Counseling and Rehabilitation
They include: (a) peer support; (b) role modeling opportunities; (c) opportunities to help others; (d) opportunities to practice new skills; (e) increased opportunities for learning; and (f) dealing with the stigma of having problems such as a criminal record or an addiction. For some clients, group counseling sessions may actually be a more potent form of behavioral change than individual counseling. From a discussion of the core concepts of group process, Chapter 5 offers an overview of some of the early efforts at group therapy in corrections: Transactional Analysis, milieu therapy (in the form of the therapeutic community), Guided Group Interaction, Reality Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy.
However, contemporary counseling emerged from the historical approaches discussed in Chapters 3 through 5. Professionals should be familiar with them. For example, while we certainly do not practice psychoanalysis as professional counselors, it would be unusual to be in professional circles and not hear at some point a discussion of defense mechanisms, ego controls, transference, projection, and other concepts credited to psychoanalytic and psychodynamic traditions. Similarly, more contemporary learning theories (social learning and cognitive behavioral models of counseling) incorporate a strong understanding of stimuli, reinforcement, and punishment.
1 Selected Psychoanalytic Defense Mechanisms Repression: An active attempt to push desires and thoughts out of one’s consciousness or to keep material from reaching consciousness. Example: You forget that you owned a pet that was run over by a car when you were a child. Displacement: A change in the primary object of a feeling or desire to a secondary one that is less threatening. Example: You are angry at your boss but you yell at your husband or wife instead. Sublimation: Here the displacement is more long-term and the object chosen is socially acceptable.
Correctional Counseling and Rehabilitation by Patricia Van Voorhis, Michael C. Braswell, David Lester