Read e-book online Class in America [Three Volumes]: An Encyclopedia PDF

By Robert E. Weir

ISBN-10: 0313337195

ISBN-13: 9780313337192

ISBN-10: 0313337209

ISBN-13: 9780313337208

ISBN-10: 0313337217

ISBN-13: 9780313337215

ISBN-10: 0313342458

ISBN-13: 9780313342455

In the us, social type ranks with gender, race, and ethnicity in picking out the values, actions, political habit, and lifestyles possibilities of participants. such a lot students agree at the value of sophistication, even though they generally disagree on what it really is and the way it affects americans. This A-Z encyclopedia, the 1st to target category within the usa, surveys the breadth of sophistication strata all through our background, for top institution scholars to most people. classification is illuminated in 525 essay entries on major humans, phrases, theories, courses, associations, eras, ethnic teams, areas, and lots more and plenty more.

This beneficial set is an authoritative, attention-grabbing resource for in-demand details on key elements of our tradition and society and is helping researchers to slim down a large subject. classification is published from angles that regularly intersect: via historical past, with entries comparable to Founding Fathers, the commercial Revolution, Westward enlargement; via economics, with entries resembling Bubble, Robber Barons, Chicago tuition of Economics, Lottery, salary Slaves, fiscal equivalent chance Act, inventory industry, Inheritance Taxes, Wal-Mart, Welfare; via social symptoms comparable to Conspicuous intake, the Hamptons, WASP, Homelessness, Social mountaineering; via politics with entries corresponding to Anarchism, Braceros, history beginning, Communist get together, Kennedy kin; and during tradition via entries equivalent to state song, the good Gatsby, tv, and Studs Terkel. classification can be approached from ethnic, sexual, spiritual, academic, and nearby angles. distinctive good points contain an creation, timeline, urged interpreting in line with access, cross-references, reader's consultant to subject matters, and thorough index. pattern entries: Immigration, schooling, hard work circulate, Pink-Collar staff, AFL-CIO, moves, nice melancholy, Jacob Riis, Literature, the Rockefellers, Slavery, tune, Academia, kinfolk, Suburbia, McMansions, Taxation, Segregation, Racism, Ivy League, Robber Barons, Philanthropists, Socialites, faith, Welfare, the yankee Dream, Millionaires, equivalent chance, Founding Fathers, salary Slaves, commercial Revolution, Capitalism, Economics, Appalachia, Horse Racing, Gender, Communist get together, kingdom golf equipment, faith, American Indians, Conspicuous intake, Studs Terkel, movie, Class-Consciousness, paintings Ethic, Media, tv, Puritans, Homelessness, prestige Symbols, Assimilation/Melting Pot, paintings, Westward enlargement, Poverty, the good Gatsby, inventory marketplace, operating terrible, Gated groups, the Hamptons, Social hiking, Crime, Lottery, Elitism, WASP, American Dream, Noam Chomsky, Fortune Magazine

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What they did not do was grasp the fact that Gore was talking about them. xxx ★ INTRODUCTION The story may well be a latter-day folk tale, but it highlights one of the biggest problems in studying class in America: separating fact from perception. Objectively speaking, Al Gore should have rolled over Bush in such a historically blue-collar and unionized state. Where, one wonders, was class consciousness hiding in West Virginia? The dilemma facing all of us who contributed to this work is a thorny one: millions of Americans either ignore social class altogether or, from the scholar’s point of view, horribly misinterpret it.

Even now, an affected upper-class dialect—sometimes called “BBC English” in reference to the fact that broadcasters for the British Broadcasting Corporation once had to master it—remains an external marker of good breeding. In Colonial America, regional accents and speech patterns established themselves well in advance of standardization efforts and were further creolized by the numerous variations brought by millions of immigrants. In the mid-nineteenth century, however, some members of the upper and upper middle class began to cultivate faux British ★ 5 6 ★ ACCENTS AND LANGUAGE PATTERNS accents and embrace Standard English to show their sophistication vis-à-vis the masses.

J. Lucas, American Higher Education: A History, 1994; Jaroslav Pelikan, The Idea of the University. A Reexamination, 1992. ACCENTS AND LANGUAGE PATTERNS ROBERT E. WEIR Accents and language patterns are regional, ethnic, and affected communication variations. Most language patterns are rooted in historical circumstances, and their sociolinguistic implications are of particular interest to social scientists. There is no particular reason, other than custom, to favor one accent, set of grammatical expressions, or communication pattern over another.

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Class in America [Three Volumes]: An Encyclopedia by Robert E. Weir

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