By Nora Berend
This 2007 textual content is a comparative, research of 1 of the main primary levels within the formation of Europe. best students discover the function of the unfold of Christianity and the formation of latest principalities within the delivery of Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Bohemia, Hungary, Poland and Rus' round the yr one thousand. Drawing on historical past, archaeology and artwork background, and emphasizing difficulties on the topic of the resources and historiographical debates, they exhibit the advanced interdependence among the methods of spiritual and political switch, overlaying stipulations ahead of the advent of Christianity, the adoption of Christianity, and the advance of the rulers' strength. local styles emerge, highlighting either the similarities in ruler-sponsored circumstances of Christianization, and modifications within the consolidation of energy and in associations brought by means of Christianity. The essays display how neighborhood societies followed Christianity; medieval rules of what constituted the dividing line among Christians and non-Christians; and the connections among Christianity and gear.
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Additional resources for Christianization and the Rise of Christian Monarchy: Scandinavia, Central Europe and Rus' c. 900-1200
The meaning of Christianization Fifth, the meaning of Christianization in the period needs to be explored. What had to change with conversion, what could remain the same was redefined in each context; the focus was on practices in this respect. Rival definitions of what it meant to be a Christian were propounded already in Late Antiquity: according to one, it was enough to avoid certain key pagan rites such as blood-sacrifice, whereas many social customs could continue. 96 The definition of sets of practices as pagan or Christian to some extent depended on Christian learned culture, and to some extent on the social customs prevalent in an area, leading missionaries to see them as pagan.
1043–66), educated in Saxony, returned from exile in Denmark and consolidated central power. Despite a pagan uprising in 1066, the crusade of 1147 and Henry the Lion’s offensives between 1160–6, native rulers continued to wield power. The first Pomeranian duke known by name, Wartislav I in 1121–2, was also a Christian whose dynasty continued to rule over western Pomerania until 1637. Poles, Scandinavians and Germans competed for the conquest of Polabian Slav lands. From the twelfth century on, German and Scandinavian warfare intensified, often in the guise of crusades.
Similar pattern in Lithuania: Kloczowski 1989; Rabikauskas 1989b. g. Staecker 2003; Gr¨aslund 2003. Central-eastern Europe: Homza 1997. Hadot 1981 on links between doctrine and the use of force; Duggan 1997. A case of justification in medieval sources: Timonen 1996. Introduction 21 of violence in the consolidation of power and its employment against the population at large in order to make them convert. The first, war against rivals, some of whom were pagan, in order to establish or strengthen a ruler’s power, was prevalent.
Christianization and the Rise of Christian Monarchy: Scandinavia, Central Europe and Rus' c. 900-1200 by Nora Berend