By Eugene A. Nothnagel, Antony Bacic, A.E. Clarke
Arabinogalactan-proteins are allotted during the plant state and are found in leaves, stems, roots, floral elements, and seeds. on the subcellular point, AGPs are localized at the plasma membrane, within the mobile wall, in secretory and endocytotic pathway organelles, in stylar and root secretions and within the medium of cultured cells. The common distribution of AGPs exhibits that they practice vital capabilities. a spread of information relating to AGPs has been initiated and sustained via new experimental ways, together with the improvement of monoclonal antibody probes and cloning of cDNAs equivalent to center polypeptides. Regulated expression and different proof issues to the involvement of AGPs in plant reproductive improvement, trend formation, and somatic embryogenesis, in addition to within the strategies of cellphone department, mobile enlargement, and mobile loss of life. AGPs even have an significance to undefined. One instance is gum arabic, an exudate from Acacia senegal, a mix of AGPs and polysaccharides which has special viscosity and emulsifying homes that experience resulted in many makes use of within the nutrition to boot as different industries.
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Extra info for Cell and Developmental Biology of Arabinogalactan-Proteins
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In addition to genes coding for secreted AGPs, databases contain ESTs, genomic sequences and related sequences corresponding to a large number of additional AGP-like genes located on different chromosomes. This work led us to consider a classification of AGPs based on the structure and composition of the protein backbones. The AGPs and AGP-like molecules can be phylogenetically analyzed and divided into at least four groups. Each major group of sequences is defined by conserved and specific amino acid motifs.
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Cell and Developmental Biology of Arabinogalactan-Proteins by Eugene A. Nothnagel, Antony Bacic, A.E. Clarke