F. Hoffmeister (auth.), Prof. Dr. Friedrich Hoffmeister,'s Brain Function in Old Age: Evaluation of Changes and PDF

By F. Hoffmeister (auth.), Prof. Dr. Friedrich Hoffmeister, Prof. Dr. Christian Müller (eds.)

ISBN-10: 364267304X

ISBN-13: 9783642673047

ISBN-10: 3642673066

ISBN-13: 9783642673061

Experimental gerontopsychology makes an attempt to check causal hypotheses approximately outdated age-related behavioral alterations by means of the manipulation of age-differences. An experimental remedy is brought with the aim of equating varied age-groups with recognize to a very likely proper functionality. If the therapy leads to an assimilation of the habit of the various age-groups (age­ by-treatment interaction), adjustments during this functionality are con­ sidered as causal for the typically saw behavioral vary­ ence. If it doesn't bring about an assimilation of the habit of the several age-groups (main influence of treatment), range­ ences during this functionality are regarded as inappropriate for the nor­ mally saw behavioral distinction. the several interpretations of age-by-treatment interactions and major results of therapy during this form of study are average provided that the experimental remedy truly ends up in an equalization of the age-groups with admire to the func­ tion of curiosity. As is proven, this kind of practical equalization can neither be verified nor assumed in lots of circumstances. In such circumstances, stories with both age-group can be utilized to enquire hypotheses approximately strength explanations for outdated age-related behavioral alterations, experiences with younger topics having very important merits over reports with previous topics. A attempt of causal relationships by means of age-by-treatment interactions is feasible in instances the place the experimental remedy obviously leads to an equalization of the age teams with appreciate to the functionality in query. regrettably, the sphere of program for this sort of strategy is very limited.

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Behavioral Causes of Slowing with Age If the slowness were dependent upon specific cortical structures, one might expect to find some behaviors fast and others slow. For example, one might speak slowly, but move quickly if a threatening object appeared; however, such is not the case,. for the slowness is not punctuate, but diffuse. One may query what kind of a behavioral process might result in a generalized slowing. Botwinick (1978) has reviewed the evidence on cautiousness, a mechanism that could serve such a function.

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Charles C. : Translations in gerontology - from lab to life. Psychophysiology and speed of response. Am. Phsychol. : Age difference in finger, jaw, and foot reaction time to auditory stimuli. J. Gerontol. W. ): Handbook of the psychology of aging. : Age changes in conduction velocity, refractory period, number of fibers, connective tissue space and blood vessels in sciatic nerve of rats. J. Compo Neurol. : Age differences in response speed as a function of controlled variations of stimulus conditions: Evidence of a general speed factor.

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Brain Function in Old Age: Evaluation of Changes and Disorders by F. Hoffmeister (auth.), Prof. Dr. Friedrich Hoffmeister, Prof. Dr. Christian Müller (eds.)

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