By Jens Nielsen, John Villadsen, Gunnar Lidén
This can be the second one variation of the textual content "Bioreaction Engineering rules" by way of Jens Nielsen and John Villadsen, initially released in 1994 via Plenum Press (now a part of Kluwer). Time runs quickly in Biotechnology, and while Kluwer Plenum stopped reprinting the 1st version and requested us to make a moment, revised version we fortunately permitted. A textual content on bioreactions written within the early 1990's won't mirror the large improvement of experimental in addition to theoretical features of mobile reactions in the past decade. within the preface to the 1st version we admitted to be novices within the box. considered one of us (JV) has had 10 extra years of task education in biotechnology, and the more youthful writer (IN) has now acquired foreign reputation for his paintings with the most well liked subject matters of "modem" biotechnology. in addition we're satisfied to have prompted Gunnar Liden, professor of chemical response engineering at our sister collage in Lund, Sweden to affix us as co-author of the second one version. His contribution, specially at the chemical engineering elements of "real" bioreactors has been of the best worth. bankruptcy eight of the current version is basically unchanged from the 1st variation. we want to thank professor Martin Hjortso from LSU for his giant support with this bankruptcy.
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Additional info for Bioreaction Engineering Principles: Second Edition
When the electrons are transported through the electron transport chain protons are pumped across the membrane (the cytosolic membrane in prokaryotes and the inner mitochondrial membrane in eukaryotes). The protons are pumped against a proton and electrochemical gradient and the Gibbs free energy gained in the oxidation of NADH is hereby transferred to a concentration and electrochemical gradient. , the Gibbs free energy is reconverted from a concentration and electrochemical gradient to high-energy chemical bonds.
The correlation has been obtained from measurements on a large number of different compounds. , Stein (1990). When calculating a value for the permeability coefficient it is important to consider an appropriate lipid membrane system, since by its definition the permeability coefficient is inversely proportional to the membrane thickness. Strictly speaking, Eq. 2) therefore holds only for the system for which it was derived, namely the plant cell Chara ceratophylla, but lacking better information it may be used also for other cell types.
It is thus seen how the maintenance of acid concentration gradients across the plasma membrane contributes to the decoupling of ATP generation and ATP consumption used strictly for biosynthetic demands. 2 Facilitated Diffusion In the cytoplasmic membrane there are a number of carrier proteins that allow specific compounds to be transported passively, but considerably faster than by free diffusion across the membrane. This process is referred to as facilitated diffusion, and this transport mechanism is typical for fungi, but much rarer for bacteria - thus glycerol is the only substrate which is known to enter E.
Bioreaction Engineering Principles: Second Edition by Jens Nielsen, John Villadsen, Gunnar Lidén