By Jens Nielsen, John Villadsen, Gunnar Lidén
This can be the second one variation of the textual content "Bioreaction Engineering rules" by way of Jens Nielsen and John Villadsen, initially released in 1994 via Plenum Press (now a part of Kluwer). Time runs quickly in Biotechnology, and while Kluwer Plenum stopped reprinting the 1st version and requested us to make a moment, revised version we fortunately permitted. A textual content on bioreactions written within the early 1990's won't mirror the large improvement of experimental in addition to theoretical features of mobile reactions in the past decade. within the preface to the 1st version we admitted to be novices within the box. considered one of us (JV) has had 10 extra years of task education in biotechnology, and the more youthful writer (IN) has now acquired foreign reputation for his paintings with the most well liked subject matters of "modem" biotechnology. in addition we're satisfied to have prompted Gunnar Liden, professor of chemical response engineering at our sister collage in Lund, Sweden to affix us as co-author of the second one version. His contribution, specially at the chemical engineering elements of "real" bioreactors has been of the best worth. bankruptcy eight of the current version is basically unchanged from the 1st variation. we want to thank professor Martin Hjortso from LSU for his giant support with this bankruptcy.
By Francis Leroy
Celebrating a century of innovative contributions to our knowing of lifestyles, the realm, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference lines the discoveries that earned approximately 500 wonderful scientists Nobel honours within the components of chemistry, physics and medication. Preface; in regards to the authors; desk of contents; The Nobel Laureates in Chemistry (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in Physics (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in drugs (1901 -- 2001); desk: The Nobel Prize Laureates (1901-2001); Bibliography; photograph and representation credit; Index of Recipients' Names; topic Index
By Nancy Tomes
Little greater than 100 years in the past, usual american citizens had no concept that many lethal diseases have been the paintings of microorganisms, not to mention that their very own habit unfold such illnesses. The Gospel of Germs indicates how the progressive findings of late-nineteenth-century bacteriology made their approach from the laboratory to the bathroom and kitchen, with public wellbeing and fitness reformers spreading the notice and ladies taking on the conflict at the household entrance. Drawing on a wealth of recommendation books, patent functions, ads, and oral histories, Tomes strains the recent information of the microbe because it radiated outward from middle-class houses into the area of yank enterprise and crossed the strains of sophistication, gender, ethnicity, and race. simply as we take the various guns during this germ battle with no consideration - furnishings as accepted because the white porcelain bathroom, the window monitor, the fridge, and the vacuum cleanser - so we hardly ever think about the drastic measures deployed opposed to sickness within the risky outdated days ahead of antibiotics. yet, as Tomes notes, a few of the hygiene ideas first popularized in these days stay the basis of infectious ailment regulate this present day. Her paintings bargains a glance into the heritage of our long-standing obsession with germs, its influence on twentieth-century tradition and society, and its troubling new relevance for our personal lives.
By Kara Dixon Vuic
"'I by no means received an opportunity to be a girl,' Kate O'Hare Palmer lamented, thirty-four years after her travel as a military nurse in Vietnam. even supposing pleased with having served, she felt that the struggle she by no means understood had robbed her of her innocence and compelled her to develop up too quick. As depicted in a photo taken overdue in her journey, lengthy hours within the working room exhausted her either bodily and mentally. Her drained eyes and gaunt face mirrored th e weariness she felt after treating numerous sufferers, a few demise, a few maimed, all, like her, without end replaced. nonetheless, she realized to paintings tougher and swifter than she concept she may well, to belief her nursing talents, and to reside independently. She built how to stability the risks and merits of being a lady within the military and within the conflict. purely fourteen months lengthy, her travel in Vietnam profoundly affected her existence and her beliefs."Such bright own debts abound in historian Kara Dixon Vuic's compelling examine the reviews of military nurses within the Vietnam warfare. Drawing on greater than a hundred interviews, Vuic permits the nurses to inform their very own attractive tales, from their purposes for becoming a member of the army to the actual and emotional calls for of a bad struggle and postwar debates approximately find out how to commemorate their carrier. Vuic additionally explores the gender matters that arose whilst a male-dominated military actively recruited and hired the prone of 5,000 nurses in the course of a becoming feminist flow and a altering nursing career. ladies interested in the army's patriotic promise confronted worrying realities within the almost all-male hospitals of South Vietnam. males who joined the nurse corps ran headlong into the army's trust that girls should still nurse and males should still struggle. Officer, Nurse, girl brings to mild the approximately forgotten contributions of courageous nurses who risked their lives to deliver remedy to infantrymen in the course of a negative -- and divisive -- battle.
By Paul Grasso
All toxicologists, even if expert or in education, should examine a few pathology. at present, the one pathology books on hand to them are huge tomes of hugely special pathology written for clinical and veterinary scholars. Divided into 3 sections that handle: basic pathology, scientific chemistry and hematology, necessities of Pathology for Toxicologists is an important start line for the toxicologist coming to grips with basics equivalent to mobilephone harm and mobilephone loss of life. It comprises dialogue approximately irritation, hypertrophy, neoplasia, immunology, thrombosis, recovery and service, and immune disorder. It additionally comprises guidance on knowing the pathologist's document and his or her operating tools - all written in particular for the toxicologist. an intensive thesaurus additionally is helping toxicologists familiarize themselves with key pathology phrases. Toxicologists will locate this a very good creation to pathology and a convenient connection with dip into.
By John E. Lesch
Within the decade from 1935-1945, whereas the second one international warfare raged in Europe, a brand new type of medications in a position to controlling bacterial infections introduced a healing revolution that maintains at the present time. the recent drugs weren't penicillin and antibiotics, yet sulfonamides, or sulfa medicines. The sulfa medications preceded penicillin via virtually a decade, and through international battle II they carried the most healing burden in either army and civilian drugs. Their luck motivated a speedy enlargement of study and creation within the overseas pharmaceutical undefined, raised expectancies of medication, and speeded up the looks of recent and strong medicinal drugs in response to examine. The latter improvement created new regulatory dilemmas and unanticipated healing difficulties. The sulfa medicines additionally proved terribly fruitful as beginning issues for brand new medicinal drugs or sessions of substances, either for bacterial infections and for a couple of vital non-infectious ailments. This publication examines this step forward in medication, pharmacy, and technological know-how in 3 components. half I exhibits that an business examine atmosphere was once the most important to the good fortune of the revolution in therapeutics that emerged from medicinal chemistry. half II indicates how nationwide alterations formed the reception of the sulfa medicines in Germany, France, Britain, and the us. the writer makes use of press insurance of the day to discover renowned perceptions of the dramatic alterations happening in medication. half III files the influence of the sulfa medications at the American attempt in international warfare II. It additionally indicates how researchers got here to an figuring out of the way the sulfa medicines labored, including a brand new theoretical measurement to the technology of pharmacology and whilst delivering a foundation for the invention of recent medications within the Forties, Fifties, and Sixties. A concluding bankruptcy summarizes the remodeling influence of the sulfa medicines on twentieth-century medication, tracing the healing revolution from the preliminary leap forward within the Thirties to the present look for potent remedies for AIDS and the hot horizons unfolded by way of the human genome undertaking and stem mobilephone learn.
By Monica H. Green
Making Women's drugs Masculine demanding situations the typical trust that ahead of the eighteenth century males have been by no means considering any element of women's healthcare in Europe. utilizing assets starting from the writings of the well-known twelfth-century lady practitioner, Trota of Salerno, the entire approach to the nice tomes of Renaissance male physicians, and masking either drugs and surgical procedure, this examine demonstrates that males slowly tested a growing number of authority in diagnosing and prescribing remedies for women's gynecological stipulations (especially infertility) or even convinced obstetrical conditions.Even if their "hands-on" wisdom of women's our bodies used to be restricted by means of modern mores, males have been in a position to identify their expanding authority during this and all branches of drugs as a result of their higher entry to literacy and the information contained in books, even if in Latin or the vernacular. As Monica eco-friendly indicates, whereas works written in French, Dutch, English, and Italian have been occasionally addressed to girls, however even those have been frequently re-appropriated through males, either via practitioners who taken care of girls nd by way of laymen to benefit concerning the "secrets" of generation.While early within the interval girls have been thought of to have authoritative wisdom on women's stipulations (hence the frequent effect of the alleged authoress "Trotula"), through the top of the interval to be a girl used to be now not an automated qualification for both knowing or treating the stipulations that almost all usually bothered the feminine sex--with implications of women's exclusion from construction of information all alone our bodies extending to the current day.
By Howard I. Kushner
Over a century and a part in the past, a French doctor suggested the unusual habit of a tender aristocratic girl who may unexpectedly, all of sudden, erupt in a startling healthy of obscene shouts and curses. identical to the bothered Marquise de Dampierre echoes throughout the many years because the emblematic instance of an ailment that this present day represents one of many fastest-growing diagnoses in North the US. Tourette syndrome is a collection of behaviors, together with recurrent ticcing and involuntary shouting (sometimes cursing) in addition to obsessive-compulsive activities. The interesting heritage of this syndrome finds how cultural and scientific assumptions have decided and considerably altered its characterization and remedy from the early 19th century to the current. A Cursing mind? lines the frustrating type of Tourette syndrome via 3 particular yet overlapping tales: that of the claims of scientific wisdom, that of sufferers' reports, and that of cultural expectancies and assumptions. previous researchers asserted that the unusual ticcing and impromptu vocalizations have been psychological--resulting from sustained undesirable behavior or loss of self-discipline. this day, sufferers displaying those behaviors are visible as struggling with a neurological disorder and customarily are handled with drug treatment. even supposing present scientific study exhibits that Tourette's is an natural ailment, this pioneering heritage of the syndrome reminds us to be skeptical of scientific orthodoxies in order that we may possibly remain open to clean understandings and greater interventions. (20001209)
By Kevin Fong M.D.
Drawing on his personal event as an anesthesiologist, extensive care professional, and NASA adviser, Dr. Kevin Fong examines how state of the art drugs pushes the envelope of human survival by means of learning the human body's reaction while demonstrated via actual extremes. Extreme Medicine explores varied limits of persistence and the lens every one bargains on one of many structures of the physique. The demanding situations of Arctic exploration created possibilities for breakthroughs in open middle surgical procedure; battlefield medical professionals pioneered concepts for dermis grafts, middle surgical procedure, and trauma care; underwater and outer area exploration have revolutionized our figuring out of respiring, gravity, and lots more and plenty extra. Avant-garde medication is essentially altering our principles concerning the nature of existence and death.
via incredible debts of awesome occasions and pioneering medication, Fong illustrates the sheer audacity of clinical perform at severe limits, the place human lifestyles is balanced on a knife's area. Extreme Medicine is a gripping debut concerning the technological know-how of therapeutic, but additionally approximately exploration in its broadest sense—and approximately how, through probing the very limits of our biology, we might eventually go back with a greater appreciation of the way bodies paintings, of what existence is, and what it capacity to be human.
By Kenneth F. Kiple
The Cambridge international background of Human sickness (CWHHD) used to be first released via Cambridge in 1993. the root of this Dictionary is a component VIII, the final element of the paintings, that contains a background and outline of the world's significant illnesses of the previous day and this day in chapters equipped alphabetically from "Acquired Immune poor Syndrome (AIDS)" to "Yellow Fever." The final element of CWHHD has been totally revised and the essays were condensed into shorter entries, with updated details on AIDS, Alzheimer's illness, Ebola, and Tuberculosis. The Dictionary additionally comprises 3 chapters from different elements of the CWHHD on "Heart-Related Diseases," "Cancer," and Genetic Disease." together with contributions from over a hundred scientific and social scientists all over the world, the Dictionary is a really interdisciplinary background of drugs and human ailment. Kenneth Kiple is a special professor of background at Bowling eco-friendly kingdom collage. His study and educating pursuits contain Latin the United States and the heritage of drugs, sickness, and foodstuff. His paintings has been supported by means of gives you and fellowships from the Guggenheim origin, the nationwide Endowment for the arts, the Fulbright origin, the yankee Council of discovered Societies, the yank Philosophical Society, and the nationwide Institutes of wellbeing and fitness. he's the editor of The Cambridge background of worldwide disorder (Cambridge, 1993) and with Kriemhild Coneé Ornelas, the award-winning Cambridge global heritage of meals (Cambridge, 2000).