Read e-book online Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text PDF

By Aristotle; W.D. Ross (ed.)

ISBN-10: 0199244952

ISBN-13: 9780199244959

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Additional info for Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary

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We can point out a certain number of types, but we can never say these are all the valid types there can be. The logic of syllogism is thus the fundamental part of the logic of inference, and it was in THE PURE OR ASSERTORIC SYLLOGISM 37 accordance with the proper order of things that it should be the first to be worked out. Aristotle not infrequently speaks as if there were other fonns of inference than syllogism-induction, example, enthymeme. But there is an important chapterl in which he argues that if inference is to be valid it must take the syllogistic fonn; and that this was his predominant view is confinned when we look at what he says about these other types.

124. IS-2I. INTRODUCTION 42 cannot be more closely related to the minor than the middle is. I (2) He pointed to examples, quite comparable to those which Aristotle uses to prove his point: (a) Every man is necessarily an animal, and it might be true at some time that everything that was in movement was a man; but it could not be true that everything in movement was necessarily an animal. (b) Every literate being necessarily has scientific knowledge, and it might be true that every man was literate; but it could not be true that every man necessarily has scientific knowledge.

Post. 7I&24-bS, 86&22""9. THE MODAL SYLLOGISM accused of inconsistency here. He is not saying that some white things are necessarily animals and then that nothing white is an animal. These are simply illustrative propositions; he is merely saying that if propositions a and b were true, it might still not be necessary that some white things should not be in movement, and that if propositions c and d were true, it might still not be necessary that nothing white should be a man. His examples, then, throw no light on the question what kinds of facts he regards as necessary, and what kinds as not necessary.

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Aristotle's Prior and Posterior Analytics: A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary by Aristotle; W.D. Ross (ed.)


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