By Karyn L. Lai
This complete introductory textbook to early chinese language philosophy covers various philosophical traditions which arose through the Spring and Autumn (722-476 BCE) and Warring States (475-221 BCE) sessions in China, together with Confucianism, Mohism, Daoism, and Legalism. It considers innovations, issues and argumentative tools of early chinese language philosophy and follows the improvement of a few rules in next sessions, together with the advent of Buddhism into China. The booklet examines key concerns and debates in early chinese language philosophy, cross-influences among its traditions and interpretations via students as much as the current day. The dialogue attracts upon either fundamental texts and secondary assets, and there are feedback for extra analyzing. this can be a useful consultant for all who're drawn to the rules of chinese language philosophy and its richness and carrying on with relevance.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy
Partly because of its association with ancient behavioural norms, the concept li evokes a sense of conservatism. However, its employment in the Analects is not always consistent: at some points it appears to be rather inﬂexible (Analects 3:17), yet at some others amendable (Analects 9:3). Standards of behavioural propriety served as guides for correct behaviour in a range of relational contexts: between children and parents (Analects 25 26 An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy 2:5), subject and ruler (Analects 3:18) and prince and minister (Analects 3:19).
14 Another signiﬁcant discussion in socio-political philosophy concerns the status of ren and li in the continuing development of culture and society in East Asian countries. A good example is the issue of the place and continuing signiﬁcance of Confucian philosophy in a global context in which human rights are deemed fundamental. 15 31 32 An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy Together, ren and li comprise the core of Confucian philosophy and an indepth understanding of their interplay reveals many fundamental elements of Confucian thought.
The Confucian theme of self cultivation continues to have contemporary relevance for several reasons. First, it emphasises ethical merit as the basis of government. This is important because it requires government to be accountable. It was a positive change from hereditary leadership which did not ensure competent or ethical leaders. Secondly, it highlights the place of education in social development. Finally, Confucian moral philosophy has vital implications for contemporary moral philosophy due to a number of its key features: attention to character development, centrality of relationships in moral life, the progressive nature of moral development (that is, a focus on different elements of moral reasoning that are cultivated at different stages in a person’s moral life), and the integrated nature of personal development and socio-political progress.
An Introduction to Chinese Philosophy by Karyn L. Lai