By William Ward
William Ward's account of the Hindu groups between whom he served as a Baptist missionary in Serampore in West Bengal was once first released in 1811 and reprinted during this 3rd variation in 1817. It used to be an exceptionally influential paintings that formed British perspectives of the newly outlined entity of 'Hinduism' within the early 19th century. Ward and his fellow missionaries promoted social reforms and schooling, developing the Serampore project Press in 1800 and Serampore university in 1818. Ward dedicated 20 years to compiling his learn of Hindu literature, heritage, mythology and faith, which used to be finally released in 4 volumes. It supplied richly targeted info, and was once considered as authoritative for the following fifty years. it's nonetheless a huge resource for researchers in parts together with Indian historical past, British colonialism, Orientalism and non secular experiences. quantity four contains translations from Hindu sacred texts and philosophical writings, and Ward's personal reflections on schooling.
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Extra resources for A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 4: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works
Alex. lib. 5. p. 711. Not. Potter, c ibid. Aristot. Metaph. lib. 14. cap. 8. t. ii. p. 1003. xliv INTRODUCTORY REMARKS " " " " " " " " " " " " " " place on the theatre of the world ? For whom is this dreadful spectacle intended ? Is it for the gods, who have no need of it, is it for men, who are its victims ? And why am I myself compelled to act a part on this stage ? Why was I drawn from non-entity without my knowledge, and rendered wretched without being asked whether I consented to be so ? 1 wterrogate the heavens, the earth, and the whole universe.
But that which these sages most exalted was the pursuit of divine wisdom, either in connection with ceremonies or without them, by discrimination, subjection of the passions, and abstraction of mind. The fruit promised to this abstraction is liberation or absorption. On these subjects we have the following opinions : ' Future happiness is to be ob<• GoutumS, page 230. s Putftnjulee, page 223. s pa^c 151. Kupiia, page 145. r KKpila, On the HINDOO PHILOSOPHY. '0 Although many things are found in the philosophical writings of the Hindoos favourable to the practice of religious ceremonies and to devotion, yet the ancient system, it is evident, strongly recommended abstraction and the practice of those austerities which were intended to annihilate the passionSi In this work, wisdom, or rather discrimination, was considered as the most effective agent, united to bodily austerities.
The Greek and Hindoo sages, it might be supposed, lived in one age and country, imbibing the principles of each other by continual intercourse. There are many other remarkable coincidences not noticed in these remarks : for instance, the Pythagoreans taught, that after the rational mind is freed from the chains of the body, it assumes an aeriel vehicle: this vehicle the Hindoos call a pr6tii shureeru;—Pythagoras thought with the vedu, that he could cure diseases by incantations;—Epicurus was of opinion that the earth was in form a circular plain, and that a vast ocean surrounded the habitable world;—both the Greek and Hindoo ascetics concealed their ideas respecting the popular opinions and worship; the subjects controverted amongst them were substantially the same;—their modes of discussion were the same; their dress and manners were very similar, of which Diogenes may afford an example : this sage, it is said, wore a coarse cloak, carried a wallet and a staff, and made the porticos and other public places his habitation.
A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 4: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works by William Ward